German astronomer Johannes Kepler (1571-1630), saved for decades the manuscript of The Somnium (dream), which would be published after his death in 1634. In the world of Roy’s trip to the moon, with the objects that inhabit its rocky surface filled with lit up the Earth. “The first shock is the worst part of this event, because the man is back as if it were launched by a gunpowder explosion, flying up to the top of the mountains and seas.” Four years later, the Anglican Bishop Francis Godwin (1562-1633) imagined that the dark spots of the moon were seas in the man in the Moone.
This was precisely the idea that the world of the astronomer Thomas gold in front of the human and explore the surface of the moon. Some areas of the moon was flat and also to be hard: these areas will be like the sea of dust, so if you behave like a liquid. Theory inspired by Sir Arthur C. Clarke to write moondust (1961), which launched in Brazil by editora Aleph.
Baptized in honor to the moon goddess in Greek mythology, the ship Celine suffer an accident during the tourist trip by sea to the seat made of the accumulation of dust that the liquid “was not on the ground or in the oceans, not the air or space, yes a little of all these things.” With 22 passengers, not the ship give on this article and is in solitary confinement. “Radio, TV, news by telefax, cinema, phone, now, all these things have no meaning very different from the men of the Stone Age. It was the ancient tribe gathered around the campfire.” Before the internet, Clark had thought of the effect of isolation on a group accustomed to constant connection, and demonstrates how the king is the biggest nightmare of the castaways the moon.
While this microcosm of human languishing in the “cemetery sturdier than any pharaoh,” the best minds of the Earth and the moon break your heads to save them, and this is where the hard science fiction of Clark stand out. The problems that present themselves to the characters of the subsequent solutions of intelligence shown by very few of the book. As well as Jorge Luis Borges, Edgar Allan Poe, and more recently Ted Chiang, Clark is one of the few writers who can imagine the characters more intelligent than themselves.
One of these young geniuses the doctor. Tom Lawson, who works at the space station between the Earth and the moon and can’t find the Celine under the sea of thirst, (catch her in the middle of the dust is a big problem) lack of empathy with the victims, but intellectual challenge. “He thinks that all problems can be solved if they are approached the right way with the right equipment (…) we didn’t see a lot of utility in humans, but the universe contains of truth.”
Despite the fact that moondust is not a perfect representation in the book Clarke covers the transient, issues of genre (“all the answering machines were treated as” IS “, ” AS IS the case in English, objects do not have gender) and includes a dialogue about racism between a descendant of the indigenous people, the original moon (“you have all the same physical, tall and slender. And also the color of your skin. It seems that the UV lamps are never able to give a tan as natural as the light of the sun.”).
Of a true story, flight to the moon narrated by Lucian of State (125-180), this celestial body always the subject of curiosity of intellectuals. Clarke claimed in his book greetings, carbon-foot (greetings, two feet of carbon) that the French writer Cyrano de Bergerac (1619-1655) was the first to imagine a rocket in the piece Voyage dans la Lune (1657).
Recent publisher and library blue published journey to the sky, a classic of children in Monteiro Lobato takes their characters from the site yellow woodpecker in an different points in the solar system and the moon could not fail to be an attraction of the trip. Scenario of the earth to the moon (1865) and round the moon (1870), Jules Verne, who inspired Georges Méliès in his classic film a trip to the moon (1902), Cyan represented with more realism for the first time on the moon (1893), the Russian scientist Konstantin Tsiolkovsky first proposed the concept of space elevators, still today considered a viable solution to reduce the cost of transporting heavy loads into orbit around the Earth. With the space race fueling the public imagination, stories, pulp films and B that have passed on our natural resources and the channels originated borbotões.
It was only from 1930 and 1940 the novel was more intense on the Moon, produced mainly by Arthur C. Clarke and Robert Heinlein, who wrote dozens of books and short stories exploring the theme of before and after Neil Armstrong put down their feet in the soil Celine. Among other works, Clarke was a partner of Stanley Kubrick in 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), a film considered by those who question the invasion of the moon as the prototype of the recordings of the landing, the supposedly “fake” by NASA.
Even today there is no doubt that such a feat of Science, a leading astronomy Kepler is known in 1610, even before the church accepted that the Earth revolves around the sun, which humanity will travel to the moon: “if you give the ship to modify the sails the wind of heaven, there will be people who are not afraid to face those patches.”