Trials suggest concrete solutions to the problem of Brazil – in fact – Estadão

In the midst of a polarized spin-off of the national political debate, Brazil: the future we want is the rare book that was suggested on the eve of presidential elections: discuss the country and engage in dialogue with the other, considering the discount the sound of a cacophony and not an enemy. The work brings together texts from 12 experts in different areas, but which relate to each other, another feature of the book. It is clear the connection between the topics of Education, Science and technology; cities and housing; economy, finance and international relations; Sports, Health and public safety; agriculture and the environment. As he wrote in the introduction to the book, historian and Project Coordinator Jaime Pinsky texts bring “concrete proposals, without parameters”.

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The chapters are short and educational, and the pattern away from the academic style. The author presents the national problem that is affecting the research, describes the country reached a critical point, according to his vision, and offers solutions and suggestions. According to Pinsky’s idea that the choice of authors from different fields of ideology. Some of them have occupied public offices, such as ministries, others do not. “None of the participants in this book have been chosen because of their political affiliation, but of their competence,” wrote Pinsky.

In the Health, Forensic and professor of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of the South Pacific, Paulo Saldiva is proposed to use big data and technology as a means to reduce costs in the Organization refers to something that fits in the era of integrated knowledge: the medical profession to discuss the problems of other areas related to health. “It is interesting that he rarely is healthy and allowed to discuss topics such as safety traffic laws and speed limits. However, it is not possible to ignore the issue of violence in the planning and financing of health care.”

To defend that Brazil can’t give up the unified health system (SUS), Saldiva compares the country’s investment in this area with other states. “Public spending per capita (in press) in Brazil in the period between 4 and 7 times less than the European countries with the global system.” Data refers to 2013, the former, therefore, that the current economic crisis and the fiscal adjustment and to the club from the ceiling, which imposes the reduction of public spending, including on health. “Inadequate public funding for the SUS, even in times of fiscal adjustment, will give the Brazilian a burden intolerable.”

How to fix decades of the wrong policy in the educational system and preparing the future generation of adults to live in the midst of the Fourth Industrial Revolution is one of the main themes in the text ex-Minister Claudia Costin, education specialist. “This involves a deep transformation in the school as we know it”. Propose what she called a ‘plan of action’, which refers to the establishment of a national system for basic education Claudia says that the country in need of schools “teach to think, ( … ) raise two fundamental components for fixed: curiosity and imagination.”

The two texts discuss the fundamentals of the Brazilian economy, the Negro to get out of the recession the government has already revised down GDP growth in 2018 (from 2,97% to 2.5%) and Dollar Round the region of R$ 3,80. Economic expert and former director of the central bank (BC) Luis Eduardo Assis, CEO, factor insurance companies, and offers solutions as to re-consider the size of the state, through the privatization of public enterprises, ensuring the independence of the BC. The book suffers from the financial crisis, the advocates of the reform of the pension plan. Assis is expected that topics such as these will go to debate in an election year. “The fiscal adjustment does not result in votes,” he says.

Already the also economist, Professor at the technical Antônio Correa de Lacerda says that the tax issue will solve itself from the moment in which the economy is growing again steadily. “Attempts to adjust did not reach the expected”. Lacerda forms in the thesis of those who argue for complete independence of central banks, “the vision is separate from the international reality”. “Central bankers behave in a coordinated manner with national governments.” However, Lacerda and Assisi converge on one point: it is necessary to reduce or eliminate the degree of indexation of the economy, a legacy of the inflation of the 1980s and 90s.

The book also discuss other not solved the problem of the country and conflict in the collapse of the building, Wilson Paes de Almeida in São Paulo city: the lack of housing. An expert in urban and professor at the University of São Paulo, Nabil bonduki regrets that the National Housing Plan (PlanHab), which was coordinated between 2007 and 2008, and remained in the background, “the hit of the political decisions”. Bonduki cites, for example, at the time that the Progressive Party (PP), the Ministry of cities in 2005 after the scandal of mensalão. “The Ministry lost the ability to express policies for the sector,” he says, before pointing a critical look at the program my house my life “organization as a tool to generate jobs, ( … ), but is unable to give an adequate answer to this question of housing.”

There are many solutions proposed by bonduki to solve the housing deficit in the country: from the interdependence between the Union and the states and municipalities the importance of the master plan of the city. The urban issue is also in the text of the last engineer in the municipality of Curitiba Jaime Lerner, who “what we have done with our cities is to break the turtles usually spread in different parts – living here, there, there, Re, which is derived from the urban structure of the disjointed.”

To cover the 12 critical areas in the country, the book works as a kind of miniplano of government for the future of the president. A large part of the topics discussed in this book will be found in the speech of candidates to the plateau. As the text of the work appears, there is no “magic bullet” capable of solving economic and social problems of Brazil.

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